What is a Planer? A planer is a tool that woodworkers and carpenters usually use to smoothen out the wooden surface and shave off the unnecessary areas. It is quite handy and can be found useful in all kinds of woodwork projects. Although it can be a little tricky to choose the correct Planer for yourself as there are many types of Planers available in the market with different features and construction so one must look at all the planer’s features before buying one.
This guide will tell you all about the important features and functions that one must look at while buying a planer.
1. Planer Types
The first thing to learn about planers is that there are different types of planers available in the market:
Thickness Planer – This type of planer is used to give a consistent thickness to a board and shave off the unnecessary uneven sides from it. This is particularly useful when you need to join two wood boards and you need their edge to be completely even and smooth.
Hand Planer – This is another type of planer in which universal motors is used which makes it lighter and easier to carry around. This portable planer is powerful and is good at smoothing smaller pieces of wood.
The major difference between planers is the motor, and usually, there are two types of motors: induction motors and universal motors. An induction motor is more long-lasting and powerful than a universal motor but it is also heavier than the universal motor. A universal motor is good for portable and hand planers while an induction motor is good for stationary workshops and industrial settings.
Features to look out for:
One of the most important things to consider when buying a Planer is to determine the area available for your planer. You don’t want to cramp up your workshop space and leave no space for the extra wood to dangle about. Make sure you have enough space for your planer and a little extra space left for your move around.
2. Thickness Capacity
The next thing to consider is the thickness which your planer would accommodate when working on a wood. If you are going to work with thick blocks of woods, you would need an industrial planer and else a hand planer is good for dealing with smaller pieces of wood. A lot of planers also come with adjustable thickness feature which allows a user to choose the desired thickness by adjusting the ‘depth stop’ of the planer.
3. Width Capacity
Another important feature to consider is the width capacity of your planer which basically means the width of the wood that the planer can cut. For this, you would need to determine your project types and then buy a planer accordingly.
4. Blade types and speed
Some planers come with adjustable speed while many come with a single speed too so decide the usage of your planer and then choose accordingly. Another thing to consider would be the blade type. There are many types of blade types ranging from two to five blades. As the number of blade increases, the faster and smoother the planer will cut. So, make sure you choose a planer with an adequate stroke rate.